evalhyd::evalp

template<class XD2, class XD4, class XB4 = xt::xtensor<bool, 4>, class XS2 = xt::xtensor<std::array<char, 32>, 2>>
std::vector<xt::xarray<double>> evalhyd::evalp(const xt::xexpression<XD2> &q_obs, const xt::xexpression<XD4> &q_prd, const std::vector<std::string> &metrics, const xt::xexpression<XD2> &q_thr = XD2({}), xtl::xoptional<const std::string, bool> events = xtl::missing<const std::string>(), const std::vector<double> &c_lvl = {}, const xt::xexpression<XB4> &t_msk = XB4({}), const xt::xexpression<XS2> &m_cdt = XS2({}), xtl::xoptional<const std::unordered_map<std::string, int>, bool> bootstrap = xtl::missing<const std::unordered_map<std::string, int>>(), const std::vector<std::string> &dts = {}, xtl::xoptional<const int, bool> seed = xtl::missing<const int>(), xtl::xoptional<const std::vector<std::string>, bool> diagnostics = xtl::missing<const std::vector<std::string>>()) Function to evaluate probabilistic streamflow predictions.
 Template Parameters
 XD2: Any 2dimensional container class storing numeric elements
(e.g.
xt::xtensor<double, 2>
,xt::pytensor<double, 2>
,xt::rtensor<double, 2>
, etc.). XD4: Any 4dimensional container class storing numeric elements
(e.g.
xt::xtensor<double, 4>
,xt::pytensor<double, 4>
,xt::rtensor<double, 4>
, etc.). XB4: Any 4dimensional container class storing boolean elements
(e.g.
xt::xtensor<bool, 4>
,xt::pytensor<bool, 4>
,xt::rtensor<bool, 4>
, etc.). XS2: Any 2dimensional container class storing string elements
(e.g.
xt::xtensor<std::array<char, 32>, 2>
,xt::pytensor<std::array<char, 32>, 2>
,xt::rtensor<std::array<char, 32>, 2>
, etc.).
 Parameters
 q_obs:
XD2
Streamflow observations. Time steps with missing observations must be assigned
NAN
values. Those time steps will be ignored both in the observations and the predictions before the metrics are computed. shape: (sites, time) q_prd:
XD4
Streamflow predictions. Time steps with missing predictions must be assigned
NAN
values. Those time steps will be ignored both in the observations and the predictions before the metrics are computed. shape: (sites, lead times, members, time) metrics:
std::vector<std::string>
The sequence of evaluation metrics to be computed.
See also
 q_thr:
XD2
, optional Streamflow exceedance threshold(s). If provided, events must also be provided. shape: (sites, thresholds)
 events:
std::string
, optional The type of streamflow events to consider for threshold exceedancebased metrics. It can either be set as “high” when flooding conditions/high flow events are evaluated (i.e. event occurring when streamflow goes above threshold) or as “low” when drought conditions/low flow events are evaluated (i.e. event occurring when streamflow goes below threshold). It must be provided if q_thr is provided.
 c_lvl:
std::vector<double>
, optional Confidence interval(s).
 t_msk:
XB4
, optional Mask(s) used to generate temporal subsets of the whole streamflow time series (where True/False is used for the time steps to include/discard in a given subset). If not provided and neither is m_cdt, no subset is performed and only one set of metrics is returned corresponding to the whole time series. If provided, as many sets of metrics are returned as they are masks provided. shape: (sites, lead times, subsets, time)
See also
 m_cdt:
XS2
, optional Masking conditions to use to generate temporal subsets. Each condition consists in a string and can be specified on observed/predicted streamflow values/statistics (mean, median, quantile), or on time indices. If provided in combination with t_msk, the latter takes precedence. If not provided and neither is t_msk, no subset is performed and only one set of metrics is returned corresponding to the whole time series. shape: (sites, subsets)
See also
 bootstrap:
std::unordered_map<std::string, int>
, optional Parameters for the bootstrapping method used to estimate the sampling uncertainty in the evaluation of the predictions. The parameters are: ‘n_samples’ the number of random samples, ‘len_sample’ the length of one sample in number of years, and ‘summary’ the statistics to return to characterise the sampling distribution). If not provided, no bootstrapping is performed. If provided, dts must also be provided.
See also
 dts:
std::vector<std::string>
, optional Datetimes. The corresponding date and time for the temporal dimension of the streamflow observations and predictions. The date and time must be specified in a string following the ISO 86011:2019 standard, i.e. “YYYYMMDD hh:mm:ss” (e.g. the 21st of May 2007 at 4 in the afternoon is “20070521 16:00:00”). The time series must feature complete years. Only minute, hourly, and daily time steps are supported. If provided, it is only used if bootstrap is also provided.
 seed:
int
, optional A value for the seed used by random generators. This parameter guarantees the reproducibility of the metric values between calls.
 diagnostics:
std::vector<std::string>
, optional The sequence of evaluation diagnostics to be computed.
See also
 q_obs:
 Returns
std::vector<xt::xarray<double>>
The sequence of evaluation metrics computed in the same order as given in metrics, followed by the sequence of evaluation diagnostics computed in the same order as given in diagnostics. shape: (metrics+diagnostics,)<(sites, lead times, subsets, samples, {quantiles,} {thresholds,} {components,} {ranks,} {intervals})>
 Examples
#include <xtensor/xtensor.hpp> #include <evalhyd/evalp.hpp> xt::xtensor<double, 2> obs = {{ 4.7, 4.3, 5.5, 2.7, 4.1 }}; xt::xtensor<double, 4> prd = {{{{ 5.3, 4.2, 5.7, 2.3, 3.1 }, { 4.3, 4.2, 4.7, 4.3, 3.3 }, { 5.3, 5.2, 5.7, 2.3, 3.9 }}}}; xt::xtensor<double, 2> thr = {{ 4.7, 4.3, 5.5, 2.7, 4.1 }}; evalhyd::evalp(obs, prd, {"BS"}, thr);
xt::xtensor<bool, 3> msk = {{{ false, true, true, false, true }}}; evalhyd::evalp(obs, prd, {"BS"}, thr, msk);
evalhyd::evalp(obs, prd, {"CRPS_FROM_QS"});